[DDD] 메르세데스벤츠 수소연료전지차 70일 주행 성공 Digital2011-06-05 13:42:10



미래차 경쟁이 치열한 가운데 전기차와 함께 새로운 대안으로 떠오르고 있는 수소연료전지차가 주목받고 있습니다.

메르세데스벤츠는 자사 B클래스(국내에서는 마이비로 알려져 있습니다) 수소연료전기차량 3대가 전세계 4개대륙 3만km 주행에 성공했으며, 이 차들이 주행한 총 9만km 동안 배기가스 배출이 전혀 없다고 밝혔습니다.

수소연료전지차는 아직 가격이 비싸지만, 전기차에 비해 주행거리가 길고, 친환경 차량이라는 점에 주목 받고 있습니다. 

하지만 높은 가격(대당 약 1억원)과 백금촉매의 매장량 한계 등 여러가지 제약상황을 가지고 있습니다.
이에 각 자동차 업체들은 차량 가격을 낮추고, 효율성을 높이는데 집중하고 있습니다.

국내 자동차 업체인 현대기아차도 각각 수소연료전지차 개발에 성공했으며, 국내 시범운행을 하고 있습니다.
과천과 서울 신촌에 수소연료충전소도 있습니다.
우리나라 정부는 2020년까지 수소연료충전소 500개, 수소 연료전지 차량은 5만대 수준을 목표로 하고 있습니다.

이렇게 전기차 이외에도 자동차 업체들이 수소연료전지차 등에 매달리는 이유는 여러가지 가능성을 열어둬 향후 급변하는 자동차 시장에 대응할 수 있도록 준비하는 것입니다.

메르세데스벤츠 공식 보도자료 전문

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-CELL World Drive
Mercedes-Benz F-CELL World Drive – the finale.

Successful finish: F-CELL World Drive reaches Stuttgart after circling the globe

- Three B-Class F-CELL drive more than 30,000 km around the world
- Impressive proof of everyday usability of fuel-cell technology
- Reliable operation even under tough conditions
- Initial impetus for establishing hydrogen infrastructure
- 90,000 km covered with zero emissions

The "Mercedes-Benz F-CELL World Drive" – the first round-the-world drive with fuel-cell vehicles - successfully concluded on schedule today in Stuttgart. After more than 30,000 kilometers, three Mercedes-Benz B-Class F-CELL vehicles with zero local emissions drive lines crossed the finish line in front of the Mercedes-Benz Museum in Stuttgart. The hydrogen-powered B-Classes and their support vehicles set off from Stuttgart at the end of January on the occasion of the official 125th birthday of the automobile, and on their way have crossed through 14 countries on four continents.

"With the F-CELL World Drive we have shown, that the time for electric vehicles with fuel cell has come. Now the development of the infrastructure has to pick up speed," said Dr. Dieter Zetsche, Chairman of the Board of Management and Head of Mercedes-Benz Cars. "For only an adequate number of hydrogen fueling stations enables car drivers to benefit from the advantages of this technology: high range, short refueling times, zero emissions.

Hydrogen infrastructure challenge

Within the scope of the F-CELL World Drive, the Mercedes-Benz B-Class F-CELL was functioning as an ambassador for a new, zero-emissions auto-mobility of the future. At the same time, Mercedes-Benz was lobbying extensively for the establishment of a comprehensive network of hydrogen fueling stations – a crucial factor for the market success of this technology. So far, there are only approximately 200 fuel stations worldwide at which fuel cell vehicles can be refueled. According to expert calculations, a network of around 1,000 fixed fuel stations would be sufficient for basic nationwide coverage in Germany. A central aim of Mercedes-Benz is to see to it that, in future, drivers all over the world will be able to refuel with hydrogen – just as they do today with gasoline and diesel fuel.

The exclusive partner for hydrogen supply on the F-CELL World Drive was the Linde Group. Thanks to its hydrogen expertise and global presence, it was able to guarantee fuel supply throughout the entire world trip. A jointly developed mobile refueling unit based on a Mercedes-Benz Sprinter accompanied the tour – the only way to ensure fuel supply even on the most remote stretches.

Proof of the everyday usability of fuel-cell drive

During the F-CELL World Drive, Mercedes-Benz was able to provide an impressive demonstration of the qualities of its fuel cell vehicles in terms of performance and robustness. The World Drive vehicles drove not only in downtown areas, on country roads and lengthy stretches of highway, but also proved their capabilities driving on unfinished surfaces, for example on stages in Australia and China.

Even a no-fault accident in Kazakhstan was unable to stop the B-Class F-CELL. On the route from Almaty to Balkhash, the number-three B-Class F-CELL was rammed on its rear left fender. The rear axle and bumper of the fuel-cell car both sustained damage. However, the fuel cell vehicle was repaired in a nearby workshop and continued its way around the world. Only a small dent in the bodywork bears testament to this single incident.

Round the world with hydrogen – the tour in figures

Over a total of 70 driving days, participants in the F-CELL World Drive collected an abundance of travel notes documenting the multi-faceted aspects of the tour and, at the same time, underscoring the everyday usability of the fuel cell technology on board the B-Class F-CELL. The record distance of 648 kilometers, split between two stretches of more than 300 kilometers each, was covered on the drive from Almaty to Balkhash in Kazakhstan. Another likely record is the number of inhabitants in the places visited by the tour, ranging from no more than twenty in Balladonia, Australia, to an impressive 19 million in Shanghai, China. Due to the still insufficient hydrogen infrastructure, the mobile unit, which has been developed in cooperation with the Linde AG, was used around 130 times to refuel the B-Classes. Along the route, the B-Class F-CELL vehicles were also refueled in just a few minutes at two hydrogen fueling stations.

Mercedes-Benz long-distance drives – in the tracks of Bertha Benz

With the now historic F-CELL World Drive, the first round-the-world drive with fuel cell vehicles, Mercedes-Benz is adding to a long history of legendary long-distance drives. Examples include the first crossing of Africa in a car in 1909 and the longest diesel marathon - the "E-Class Experience" - run in 2006 over 14,000 kilometers from Paris to Beijing.

As far as its objective was concerned, the F-CELL World Drive has a direct connection to the world's very first long-distance drive – the pioneering endeavor of Bertha Benz, who, in 1888, completed the first cross-country drive with the Benz Patent-Motorwagen from Mannheim to Pforzheim. She faced in principle the same challenge as her successors with the B-Class F-CELL – she, too, could not exactly roll into the next fuel station and top up.

In the early days of the automobile, drivers had to buy their fuel from the pharmacy, which is why Bertha Benz stopped at the town pharmacy in Wiesloch. That was the only place she could acquire the light gasoline "ligroin" – which was actually intended for domestic use as a stain remover, but also worked as fuel. First gradually, then with increasing speed, the fuel station network expanded into the worldwide infrastructure we know today. That was a defining factor in the triumphant procession of the combustion-engine-powered automobile invented in 1886 by Daimler and Benz. With new drive systems the motto is: alternative drives need alternative infrastructures. In the case of the B-Class F-CELL, this means hydrogen fueling stations. It is for this reason that Mercedes-Benz, as the inventor of the automobile, together with partners from commerce and politics, is lobbying heavily for the establishment of a comprehensive infrastructure – both for electric cars with fuel cells and for those with battery-electric drive.
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